NASA

History of the one of the most powerful space agencies from the moment of creating to the modern days

ISS after 2020 Part 1

The question naturally arises: where will fly cosmonauts after 2020? Because manned flights into orbit this is the cornerstone of the space industry, without which it qualitative measurement takes place somewhere between China and India. Nothing "manned" after 2020, the year in the space plans are not really visible, and so, apparently, everything will go back to the orbital "jumps" nursing "Unions" that lasted no more than a week, as it was in 1960ies.

ISS after 2020 Part 2

With the start of work at the station in 1994 and until the end of 2013, the year NASA has spent about 75 billion dollars for the development, construction and operation of the ISS (for meticulous: 43.7 billion was spent directly on the property, and 30.7 billion and 37 Shuttle flights to the station). This does not include the 11.2 billion dollars that went from 1984 to 1993 for the design of the station "freedom" the forerunner of the ISS.

ISS after 2020 Part 3

Initially it was thought that the ISS will not just be a research laboratory, but also orbital "plant" and a "launching pad" for other missions. Did not work, partly due to the fact that the complex did not reach the planned size. Instead of the 150 meters, he "grown" only to 109 years, which has resulted in a reduction of its capabilities by 27.6%.